The African Continent – Facts & Numbers
Africa continent information– Facts (Nations of Africa)
List of Nations with Capital in Africa
Africa is the world’s 2nd biggest most-populous continent after Asia. It has 56 countries. This continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to north, the Isthumus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
Africa’s largest country by area: Algeria
Africa’s biggest by population: Nigeria
Largest river in Africa: Nile river
No. of time zone in Africa: 6 (range from UTC/GMT -1 to UTC/GMT + 4)
|Central African Republic||Bangui|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||Kinshasa|
|Ivory Coast||Abidjan, Yamoussoukro|
|Republic of the Congo||Brazzaville|
|São Tomé and Príncipe||São Tomé|
|South Africa||Bloemfontein, Cape Town, Pretoria|
|Latitude 35 ° S and 37 ° N |
Longitude 50 ° E and 17 ° W
|Population 1,022,234,000 (2nd)|
|Area||30,065,000 km2 (approx.) (20.4% of the world)|
|Oceans and Seas||Indian Ocean, Red Sea, Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Guinea, Mediterranean Sea|
|Acme||Kilimanjaro (5,895 m)|
|Most affordable Point||Lake Assol (-156.1 m)|
|Straits||Strait of Bab-el-Mandeb and Straits of Gibraltar|
|Islands||Madagascar, Cape Verde Islands, The Connors, Mauritius and Seychelles|
|Plateaus||The entire continent is a plateau.|
Physical Aspects of Africa
|Mountains: Atlas Mountains, Ethiopian Highlands, Mt Kenya, Mt Elgon, Mt Kilimanjaro, Drakensberg, Mt. Cameroon, Mt Rouwenzori, Katanga Plateau and Jos Plateau|
|Rivers||Nile, Zaire orCongo, Niger, Orange, Limpopo, Zambezi|
|Lakes||Kariba, Nayasa, Mweru, Tanganyika, Edward, Tana, Nassar, Chad, Volta and Assal, Lake Victoria|
|Deserts||Sahara, Sahel, Libyan, Arabian, Nubian, Namib and Kalahari|
Important Facts about Africa
-> > Lake Victoria is the biggest lake of Africa, which lies in between Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. It is source to White Nile river. The equator passes through it.
-> > Nasser lake is a manufactured lake which rests on Nile river and situated in between Egypt and Sudan.
-> > Nile river is the longest river of the world and life blood of Egypt.
-> > The White Nile and heaven Nile meet at Khartoum (Sudan) to form Nile.
-> > Congo river cuts equator twice.
-> > Port Harcourt of Niger is located on Niger Delta.
-> > The Zambezi river consists of the Victoria fall, among the largest falls in the world. It makes the natural political boundary in between Zambia and Zimbabwe.
-> > The Orange river forms the natural limit in between South Africa and Namibia.
-> > The Limpopo river cuts the Tropic of Capricorn two times and it separates South Africa from Botswana and Zimbabwe.
-> > The greatest peak of Africa is Mt. Kilimanjaro and is situated in Tanzania.
-> > The three points where Africa almost touches Eurosia are Gibraltar, Suez and Bab-el-Mandeb.
-> > The greatest temperature on the planet has actually been taped at Al-Aziziyah (Libya) as 58 ° C making it the hottest location worldwide.
-> > Swahili is a popular language of Africa.
-> > Sahara desert is the biggest single stretch of desert which is 5150 km from East to West.
-> > Kalahari desert is the house of the Africa’s one of the earliest races, the Kalahari Bushmen.
-> > Food crops such as wheat, rice maize and cash crps such as cotton, coffee, cocoa, oil palm, sugar cane, rubber, tobacco are popular in Africa.
-> > Africa is abundant in mineral deposits and these minerals are mainly found on the plateau, South of the Equator. The minerals found in Africa are diamond, gold, copper, bauxite, platinum, iron ore, petroleum, manganese and so on