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The African Continent – Facts & Numbers

Africa continent information– Facts (Nations of Africa)

List of Nations with Capital in Africa

Africa is the world’s 2nd biggest most-populous continent after Asia. It has 56 countries. This continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to north, the Isthumus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Africa’s largest country by area: Algeria

Africa’s biggest by population: Nigeria

Largest river in Africa: Nile river

No. of time zone in Africa: 6 (range from UTC/GMT -1 to UTC/GMT + 4)

AlgeriaAlgiers
AngolaLuanda
BeninPorto-Novo
BotswanaGaborone
Burkina FasoOuagadougou
BurundiBujumbura
CameroonYaoundé
Cape VerdePraia
Central African RepublicBangui
ChadN’Djamena
ComorosMoroni
Democratic Republic of the CongoKinshasa
DjiboutiDjibouti
EgyptCairo
Equatorial GuineaMalabo
EritreaAsmara
EthiopiaAddis Ababa
GabonLibreville
GambiaBanjul
GhanaAccra
GuineaConakry
Guinea-BissauBissau
Ivory CoastAbidjan, Yamoussoukro
KenyaNairobi
LesothoMaseru
LiberiaMonrovia
LibyaTripoli
MadagascarAntananarivo
MalawiLilongwe
MaliBamako
MauritaniaNouakchott
MauritiusPort Louis
MoroccoRabat
MozambiqueMaputo
NamibiaWindhoek
NigerNiamey
NigeriaAbuja
Republic of the CongoBrazzaville
RwandaKigali
São Tomé and PríncipeSão Tomé
SenegalDakar
SeychellesVictoria
Sierra LeoneFreetown
SomaliaMogadishu
South AfricaBloemfontein, Cape Town, Pretoria
South SudanJuba
SudanKhartoum
SwazilandMbabane
TanzaniaDodoma
TogoLomé
TunisiaTunis
UgandaKampala
ZambiaLusaka
ZimbabweHarare
Latitude 35 ° S and 37 ° N

Longitude 50 ° E and 17 ° W

Population 1,022,234,000 (2nd)
Area30,065,000 km2 (approx.) (20.4% of the world)
Oceans and SeasIndian Ocean, Red Sea, Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Guinea, Mediterranean Sea
AcmeKilimanjaro (5,895 m)
Most affordable PointLake Assol (-156.1 m)
StraitsStrait of Bab-el-Mandeb and Straits of Gibraltar
IslandsMadagascar, Cape Verde Islands, The Connors, Mauritius and Seychelles
PlateausThe entire continent is a plateau.

Physical Aspects of Africa

Mountains: Atlas Mountains, Ethiopian Highlands, Mt Kenya, Mt Elgon, Mt Kilimanjaro, Drakensberg, Mt. Cameroon, Mt Rouwenzori, Katanga Plateau and Jos Plateau
RiversNile, Zaire orCongo, Niger, Orange, Limpopo, Zambezi
LakesKariba, Nayasa, Mweru, Tanganyika, Edward, Tana, Nassar, Chad, Volta and Assal, Lake Victoria
DesertsSahara, Sahel, Libyan, Arabian, Nubian, Namib and Kalahari

Important Facts about Africa

-> > Lake Victoria is the biggest lake of Africa, which lies in between Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. It is source to White Nile river. The equator passes through it.

-> > Nasser lake is a manufactured lake which rests on Nile river and situated in between Egypt and Sudan.

-> > Nile river is the longest river of the world and life blood of Egypt.

-> > The White Nile and heaven Nile meet at Khartoum (Sudan) to form Nile.

-> > Congo river cuts equator twice.

-> > Port Harcourt of Niger is located on Niger Delta.

-> > The Zambezi river consists of the Victoria fall, among the largest falls in the world. It makes the natural political boundary in between Zambia and Zimbabwe.

-> > The Orange river forms the natural limit in between South Africa and Namibia.

-> > The Limpopo river cuts the Tropic of Capricorn two times and it separates South Africa from Botswana and Zimbabwe.

-> > The greatest peak of Africa is Mt. Kilimanjaro and is situated in Tanzania.

-> > The three points where Africa almost touches Eurosia are Gibraltar, Suez and Bab-el-Mandeb.

-> > The greatest temperature on the planet has actually been taped at Al-Aziziyah (Libya) as 58 ° C making it the hottest location worldwide.

-> > Swahili is a popular language of Africa.

-> > Sahara desert is the biggest single stretch of desert which is 5150 km from East to West.

-> > Kalahari desert is the house of the Africa’s one of the earliest races, the Kalahari Bushmen.

-> > Food crops such as wheat, rice maize and cash crps such as cotton, coffee, cocoa, oil palm, sugar cane, rubber, tobacco are popular in Africa.

-> > Africa is abundant in mineral deposits and these minerals are mainly found on the plateau, South of the Equator. The minerals found in Africa are diamond, gold, copper, bauxite, platinum, iron ore, petroleum, manganese and so on

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