7 of the Oldest Structures in Africa
You have actually probably heard Africa referred to as the “cradle of humankind.” As you might anticipate provided its essential function in human advancement, there are some stupendously ancient structures still basing on the continent. While much of them are hardly recognizable as buildings (appearing more like incomplete mounds), others are extremely well maintained, dating back as far as 2667– 2648 BC.
You will see that nearly everything in this list is a pyramid. This is merely since almost all of the most ancient structures in Africa which are total enough to categorize as “buildings” were constructed as tombs in ancient Egypt.The one exception included in this list is the Yeha Temple (listed below) in Ethiopia. It is not really the seventh most ancient building in Africa (it is quickly vanquish by numerous pyramids), but it was consisted of in this post for the sake of range.
The 7 Oldest Buildings in Africa
7. Yeha Temple, Ethiopia (500 BC)
Referred to as the “Terrific Temple of the Sun and Moon,” Yeha Temple is situated in the town Yeha in the northern Tigray Area of Ethiopia. It is the most ancient Ethiopian structure still standing today. Constructed in the Sabaean style of architecture, it is believed that the structure has actually stood the test of time because it was developed on a firm structure, and likewise because it was converted in the sixth century ADinto a Christian church. Find more examples of ancient churches in Africa.
6. Pyramid of Khafre, Egypt (c. 2500 BC)
Also called the “Pyramid of Chephren,” this ancient structure is the 2nd largest in addition to the 2nd tallest of the Ancient Egyptian Pyramids of Giza. It functions as a burial place for Khafre (also referred to as Chefren), a Fourth-Dynasty pharaoh who ruled in between c. 2558 and 2532 BC.
Surrounding the pyramid are a variety of temples, a few of which are reasonably well protected. At one time, there were likewise more than 50 statues of the pharaoh, however they were gotten rid of during ancient times and probably recycled. Some historians believe that Ramses II was responsible for this. There was also at one point a satellite pyramid located to the south of the main pyramid, but only the describes of its foundation and a few blocks still stay.
5. Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt (c. 2560 BC)
The most popular of all Egyptian pyramids is naturally the Great Pyramid of Giza, arguably likewise the most famous structure in all of Africa, brand-new or old. It is also described as the Pyramid of Cheops or the Pyramid of Khufu. As the biggest of the 3 Ancient Egyptian Pyramids of Giza, it has actually been declared among the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World.
It is believed that it took around 10-20 years to build the pyramid around 2560 BC. For more than 3,800 years, it was the tallest manufactured structure anywhere on the world. During ancient times, its surface area would have been smooth, covered over with casing stones. Inside are at least 3 chambers: the Queen’s Chamber, the King’s Chamber and one lower chamber. As is common with Egyptian pyramids, the Great Pyramid of Giza is surrounded by a complex which includes smaller satellite pyramids and temples and structures.
4. Red Pyramid, Egypt (c. 2580 BC)
A little older than the Great Pyramid of Giza is the Red Pyramid, also referred to as the North Pyramid. This is the largest of three pyramids to be found in the Dahshur necropolis in Cairo. It takes its name from the color of the limestone from which it is constructed, which has a minor reddish hue.
Like the Great Pyramid of Giza, it was as soon as most likely smooth-sided, and is the 3rd biggest pyramid in all of Egypt. Curiously enough, the Tura limestone which would have when enclosed it was white, not red– so the Red Pyramid wasn’t red at all in ancient times.
3. Bent Pyramid, Egypt (c. 2580 BC)